Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte Municipal Council

ශ්‍රී ජයවර්ධනපුර කෝට්ටේ (Srī jayavardhanapura kōṭṭē)
ஸ்ரீ ஜெயவர்தனபுர கோட்டை (Srī jeyavartaṉapura kōṭṭai)
Sri Jayawardhanapura Kotte is the administrative capital of Sri Lanka. It is also one of the ancient capital cities in Sri Lanka (kingdom of Kotte). The Diyawanna Lake is located within the city limits as a natural landmark. The parliament of Sri Lanka is located in the city.

POPULATION IN 2012 CENSUS

107,925

SoSLC ESTIMATE IN 2017 - Colombo, Dehiwala and Kotte

889,000

POPULATION DENSITY ESTIMATE IN 2017 (Est. population/Built up area) - Colombo,Dehiwala and Kotte

115 persons / ha

MC ADMINISTRATIVE AREA

1,634ha

FRINGE URBAN AREA - Colombo, Dehiwala and Kotte-2017

38,134 ha

Demography

  • Population
    889,000
  • urban extent
    1,634 ha
  • density
    115 Person/ha

The section which is about "People & Functions" provides a description of the demographic status and trends in Sri Lankan cities, based on 2012 census data. 

This section presents some of the demographic patterns and trends in Sri Lankan cities within its current boundaries, which provides information for better planning of our cities. If these demographic pointers are taken into account, cities can be more livable and better service the citizenry of Sri Lanka.

The demographic attributes and functions of Sri Lanka's cities have implications for policy makers and planners achieving a better urban future for all Sri Lankans from the following aspects:

Competitive

  • Sri Lanka’s cities benefit from a demographic dividend that can drive the urban economy;
  • Cities provide key functions that drive Sri Lanka’s economy, including commercial, industrial and transport infrastructure, and supporting social services;

Inclusive

  • Cities could be the gateways to the economy and social integration of the varied ethnic and religious groups in the country. This rich heritage can be capitalized on to promote tourism while also building up national integration and social cohesion.
  • Inclusive urban planning and universal design will allow the aging population be mobile and access public services.
  • Residents in remote urban centres lack the social and economic opportunities afforded to residents of the capital, Colombo;

Resilient

  • Cities provide a range of important sevices that are important for the population to respond to shocks and stresses.

Safe

  • Cities can provide a safe environment for female headed households, which can be enhanced through better lighting and policing of streets, and easy access to affordable housing and governance systems.

Sustainable

  • Sustainable urban development requires an appropriately skilled and educated workforce that can plan for the future while respond to current challenges
  • Providing equitable access to economic and social services across Sri Lanka’s cities will redistribute economic opportunities across, leading to diversified, balanced and, hence, sustainable economic development. 
Language competency
Source - Department of Census and Statistics
The data show the language abilities of the people in the are
Sex Ratio (Female per every 100 Males) by age group
Source - Department of Census and Statistics
Sex ratio is calculated using the percentage of proportion of males relative to females in a population. The graph indicates that more females than males in over 30 years of age group.
Female Headed households and Male Headed Households with National Average
Source - Department of Census and Statistics
The graph shows that family headed by males and females with respective national average.
Migrant population by gender
Source - Department of Census and Statistics
This graph shows the migrated people into city by gender in 2012.
Ethnic profile
Source - Department of Census and Statistics
Ethnic city makeup of the city comprises a majority of 84.8 per cent Sinhalese, followed by 5.1 per cent Sri Lanka Moor,6.9 per cent Tamil, and 3.1 per cent Other groups.
Reason for migration
Source - Department of Census and Statistics
Employment opportunities are the main reason for both male and female migrants according the the data.
Gender distribution by age
Source - Department of Census and Statistics
The data elaborate that the labor force in the city is in a proper level as it can serve for the development of the city.

Education

Education has always been a significant element in societal development. The development of education facilities contributes substantially to the development in an urban area.

As a developing country it is crucial to address poverty in order to attain the development goals. Education plays a major role in poverty reduction. Presently, several global cities have been implementing the concept of smart city to improve the quality of life of the society, including in the field of education.

Good educational institutions and coverage enables a population to have decent livelihoods be they self employed or part of the workforce. Understanding how a city provides primary, secondary and tertiary eductional as well as skill development through vocational centres could provide some pointers to how well a city is doing or where it needs to develop further.

Category of Educational attainment by Gender( aged 3 - 24 years )
Source - Department of Census and Statistics
Around 50 per cent of people attainment in School education while 25 per cent not stydying in Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte MC.
Highest Level of Education achieved by Gender
Source - Department of Census and Statistics
This graph shows that there is still a higher proportion of males that achieve a higher degree and above despite more females graduating from GCE (O/L) and GCE (A/L).
Computer literacy - ( Population aged 10 years and above )
Source - Department of Census and Statistics
Computer literacy level is in a considerably high level in the area.

Transport

Connectivity is central to key GoSL strategic aims: to promote economic growth, and to rebalance growth across the country’s 9 provinces. Higher the connectivity to any city, better is the urban growth in that city. 

Detailed information on key transport aspects including bus and rail transport, freight route maps, airports and logistic systems are aspects that should be considered for a city to be properly interconnected within the bigger system. One of the SDG targets 11.2 is about access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems, road safety, public transport, and if we are to move towards being sustainble, these need to be considered in tranpsort planning. Further, the needs of people in vulnerable situations, women and children, persons with disabilities and older persons should also be considered.

ICT coverage is another way of being connected and recent technological advances enable a city to be better connected through its access to ICTs as well.

Accident statistics in Police Divisions (Number of fatal casualties)
Source - Sri Lanka Police Department
This graph shows fatal casualties within the last 3 years. There has been a substantial increase in fatal casualties mirroring the increased traffic in Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte MC.
Modal share of vehicles entering in Municipal Council from 06 am to 06 pm (Percent)
Source - SOSLC Project
This highest percentage of vehicles entering into the Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte MC area between 6 am to 6pm were private vehicles such as motorcycles and car/van/jeeps totaling around 90 per cent of the modal share but Route bus only has an 3 per cent modal share of vehicles.
Hourly traffic flow (in day time )
Source - SOSLC Project
Between 6 am to 9 am and 4 pm to 5 pm are the busiest traffic period in the Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte MC area with peak reached at 8am due to school and work commuting traffic.
Number of Vehicles and Passengers by Mode - One Way, 24 Hours
Source - SOSLC Project
Route buses are the main transportation method which provide services to large potion of passengers in the city. Use of privet vehicles is also in a high level, where it can be a main reason for traffic situations in road network in the city
Pedestrian crossing

Housing

An important function of Sri Lanka’s cities is to provide housing for the diversity of residents that support urban life. Sri Lankan early urban settlement legacy – histories, patterns, trends including land use and housing and the development challenges that come along with it have shaped the nature of our cities.

The share of housing as a proportion of built-up area across the different cities was considered, and numerous factors affect the figure. e.g. Anuradhapura, has restrictions on residential developments because of its cultural, historical and touristic importance, other MCs include significant social and economic land use, operating as a hub to surrounding suburbs and rural areas with large residential populations.

Housing policy challenges that are encountered by the city administrators relate to tenure systems, the supply of affordable, high quality housing, and difficulties accessing housing finance. 

Types of housing unit
Department of Census and Statistics
The graph indicates the typology of housing in the Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte MC Area. The majority of housing (around 88 per cent) comprises single story and two story houses.

Municipal Services

Municipal services is one of the key tasks an urban centre carries out fto ensure a functional living condition for its citizens.

The access to municipal services and the quality of their provision strongly influence the social, economic and environmental performance of a city as well as urban development.

Urban centres provide key services that underpin Sri Lanka’s socioeconomic development. Cities provide key government administration functions, such as vehicle registration services, access to social protection schemes, and a range of additional services (explored in detail in Chapter 9, urban governance in the SoSLC Report). Urban centres provide residents with health and education services: providing equitable access to quality healthcare and education. They also include services to facilitate social recreational activities and promote community cohesion, such as libraries, community centres and sports facilities. Ensuring quality services is a crucial component in securing an urban future for all Sri Lankans. 

Solid waste collection and disposal (Per day)
Source - JICA
97.3 percent households are covered for garbage collection.

Environment

A city needs to have an environment that is habitable and conducive with appropriate spaces for people who use the city, while also being resilient in the face of increasing climate risk.

Aspects such as a cities’ air and water quality, quality of the built environment as well as the aesthetic and historic aspects in the city are things we need to look at. However, in the light of increasing disaster risk, managing climate change impact in the light of current urbanisation patterns becomes a key concern, and thus land use planning in a city needs to take this into account.

SDG targets 11.4 (safeguarding cultural and natural heritage) and 11.5 (reducing impacts of disasters, especially floods), 11.6 (air quality and waste) and  11.7 (safe, open and green spaces for all groups) all emphasize that for a city to be sustainable, these aspects need to be considered.

Marshy land exists in all wards of the Kotte MC
Source - SOSLC Project
A conspicuous feature is that water logged and marshy land exists in all wards of the MC except Nugegoda South and Gangodawila wards. The existence of such wet lands (open spaces) with great bio-diversity provides a good living environment. These wet lands also act as retention areas for the heavy rainfalls during the South West Monsoon (May to August).

Thematic maps

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Legend
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Legend

Detailed layer on the available land uses in the MC area is visualized in this map space.

Built-Up
  • Total Built-Up
    1303.48
  • Residential
    • High Rise
      • 2.50
    • Low Rise
      • 894.24
    • Slum
      • 2.12
    • Shanty
      • 1.55
  • Commercial
    • Retail
      • 99.87
    • Office
      • 31.68
    • Mixed Retail-Residential
      • 19.87
    • Banks
      • 3.28
  • Institutional
    • Education
      • University
        3.57
      • Other higher edu.
        7.24
      • School
        23.50
    • Health
      • Hospital
        0.07
      • Dispensary
        1.56
    • Government
      • 31.96
  • Industrial
    • Factory
      • 20.40
  • Transport
    • Bus Terminus
      • 0.16
    • Rail Terminus
      • 0.16
    • Parking
      • 0.98
    • Roads
      • 99.07
  • Public Space
    • Park/Square
      • 3.06
    • Playground
      • 18.58
    • Cemetery
      • 1.84
  • Cultural
    • Religious
      • Temple/Shrine
        19.83
      • Church
        1.800
      • Mosque
        0.05
    • Archeologic
      • 0.36
  • Under Construction
      • 14.18
Non Built-up
  • Total Non Built-up
    330.07
  • Agriculture
      • 2.62
  • Water
      • 66.82
  • Wetland
      • 219.13
  • Barren Land
      • 41.50
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Legend

Detailed data layer on urban expansion in the MC area as well as in fringe area is visualized in this map space.

Urban Extent
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte Municipal Council
  • Urban change 1995 - 2019
  • Overall Growth rate 1995 - 2019
    %
  • TOTAL AOI
    0 KM2
  • Municipality
      • urban Expansion 1995 - 2019
        KM2
          • 1995
            Total Municipality
            0 KM2
          • 2001
            Total Municipality
            0 KM2
          • 2012
            Total Municipality
            0 KM2
          • 2017
            Total Municipality
            0 KM2
          • 2019
            Total Municipality
            0 KM2
  • Fringe
      • urban Expansion 1995 - 2019
        KM2
          • 1995
            Total Fringe
            0 KM2
          • 2001
            Total Fringe
            0 KM2
          • 2012
            Total Fringe
            0 KM2
          • 2017
            Total Fringe
            0 KM2
          • 2019
            Total Fringe
            0 KM2
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