Demography
Population
32000
ADMINISTRATIVE AREA
875.16 ha
Density
27.61 persons / ha

A city is a large human settlement. People are the main driving force in a city. The dynamism of a city is dependent  on people and their behaviour. A preliminary understanding of the composition and diverse capabilities of the populations in a city should be the key to a successful urban study.

Predictions made by identifying demographic and composition patterns of the population within the existing physical boundary will create a well-planned livable  city.
 
 
 
 
 

 

Composition of the Ethnic Profile - by Urban Area, District and Province

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

According to the Census Survey conducted in 2012, within the Bandarawela Municipal Council limits Sinhalese, Tamils and Moors, the main ethnic groups constitute.

Gender distribution by age

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

Out of the total population within the Bandarawela Municipal Council limits, 47% are male and 53% are female.

Download data file here

Migration to city limits by years of residents

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

The total male resident population in the Bandarawela Municipal Council area is 11460, the total female resident population is 12708 out of which the total male migrant population is 2381 and the total female migrant population is 2903. According to that the amount of female inmigrants are comparatively higher than the male inmigrants..

Download data file here

Education

Education has always been a significant element in societal development. The development of education facilities contributes substantially to the development in an urban area.

As a developing country it is crucial to address poverty in order to attain the development goals. Education plays a major role in poverty reduction. Presently, several global cities have been implementing the concept of smart city to improve the quality of life of the society, including in the field of education.

Good educational institutions and coverage enables a population to have decent livelihoods be they self employed or part of the workforce. Understanding how a city provides primary, secondary and tertiary eductional as well as skill development through vocational centres could provide some pointers to how well a city is doing or where it needs to develop further.

Category of Educational attainment by Gender( aged 3 - 24 years )

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

The above age group in Bandarawela MC around half of the of people who are in age 3 to 24 are attending schools.

Environment

A city needs to have an environment that is habitable and conducive with appropriate spaces for people who use the city, while also being resilient in the face of increasing climate risk.

Aspects such as a cities’ air and water quality, quality of the built environment as well as the aesthetic and historic aspects in the city are things we need to look at. However, in the light of increasing disaster risk, managing climate change impact in the light of current urbanisation patterns becomes a key concern, and thus land use planning in a city needs to take this into account.

SDG targets 11.4 (safeguarding cultural and natural heritage) and 11.5 (reducing impacts of disasters, especially floods), 11.6 (air quality and waste) and  11.7 (safe, open and green spaces for all groups) all emphasize that for a city to be sustainable, these aspects need to be considered.

Annual average air temperature at observation stations

Source - Department of Meteorology

Here is the change in the annual values of air temprature from 2006 to 2013. According to the Bandarawela Observatory station, air temprature in the area is calculated separately for each month and more information can be downloaded from the following detailed statistics.

Download data file here

Thematic maps

 

Bandarawela Municipal Council area: 

Bandarawela MC covers an area of 875.16 hectares. (Data Source _ Survey Department)

Download Map Here                      Download Data Layer Here 

 

Distribution of Grama Niladhari Divisions in Bandarawela MC:

Includes detailed information related to its 15 Grama Niladhari Divisions. (Data Source: Survey Department)

Download Map Here                      Download Data Layer Here

 

Road Map of Bandarawela Municipal Council:

The road map for Bandarawela Municipal Council has more information with road names. This information has been updated in 2020.(Data Source _ Openstreetmap)

Download Map Here                        Download Data Layer Here

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Proper management of land, a scarce resource, can bring about many benefits. This is of great importance especially in urban areas.

 

It is timely to figure out how land is allocated and being used for what purpose in our cities today. In order to create well planned cities with a futuristic vision, having a better understanding of current land use is imperative.

 

Land use maps are categorized into 36 sub-categories under two types – built-up and non built-up. The extent of land in each of these sub categories are indicated below.

 

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Built-Up
Total
Built-Up
116 (ha)
  • Low Rise
    • 10
  • Retail
    • 15
    Office
    • 5
    Mixed Retail-Residential
    • 8
    Banks
    • 4
  • Education
    • School 6
    Health
    • Hospital 2
    • Dispensary 1
    Government
    • 2
  • Factory
    • 1
    Landfill
    • 2
  • Bus Terminus
    • 2
    Rail Terminus
    • 3
    Parking
    • 1
    Roads
    • 20
    Rail Road
    • 5
  • Playground
    • 1
    Cemetery
    • 2
  • Religious
    • Temple/Shrine 5
    • Church 2
    • Mosque 1
    Archeologic
    • 1
    • 1
Non-Built-Up
Total
Non-Built-Up
55 (ha)
    • 20
    • 5
    • 3
    • 2
    • 12
    • 9
    • 4

 

In all of the cities it can be identified that the higher densities are concentrated in the city centres and the expansion is taken place along the roads. The expansion pattern is shaped by the geography of the surrounding area.

 

The selection of the area for the urban expansion analysis was followed by several preliminary studies. Initially, the urban index values which was identified using the remote sensing information were studied in the respective municipal areas including a fringe area.
Before selecting interested area for the expansion analysis it should consider following facts
- Municipal boundary
- At least 2-3 km buffer around Municipal boundary
- Rough boundary where the physical urban character disappearing

 

In the remote sensing discipline, the values higher than 0 represent the built-up areas.The boundary for the fringe area was identified by getting the extent of urban expansion as well as a fine boundary where the high-density expansion become insignificant. The identified boundaries were projected on to the latest satellite images to assure the identified urban index values are in line with the existing building densities.

 

 

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Urban expansion statistics
Bandarawela Municipal Council ( km 2 )
Overall Growth rate 1995 - 2017 %
Urban change 1995 - 2017
TOTAL AOI 0