Demography
Population
230000
ADMINISTRATIVE AREA
13183 ha
Density
8 persons / ha

A city is a large human settlement. People are the main driving force in a city. The dynamism of a city is dependent  on people and their behaviour. A preliminary understanding of the composition and diverse capabilities of the populations in a city should be the key to a successful urban study.

Predictions made by identifying demographic and composition patterns of the population within the existing physical boundary will create a well-planned livable  city.
 
 
 
 
 

 

Gender distribution by age

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

Out of the total population within the Embilipitiya Urban Council limits females are higher than males.

Labour Force

Source - Embilipitiya Divisional Secretariat Division

This bar chart shows that the rate of unemployment is very low compared to the employment rate which is considered one of the most important strengths for the economic growth of the town. The economic base of the city has been built through agriculture, industries, wholesale and retail trade, automobile and spare parts, tourism industry and minerals etc. And the main economic contribution is provided by agriculture.

Population by age groups

Source - Resource Profile data

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Migration to city limits by years of residents

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

The total male resident population in the Embilipitiya Urban Council area is 18089, the total female resident population is 18623 out of which the total male migrant population is 5078 and the total female migrant population is 6079.According to that the amount of female inmigrants are comparatively higher than the male inmigrants.

Download data file here

Economy

Cities are the primary drivers of economic development, therefore, Sri Lanka’s cities have a decisive role to play in driving the economy forward by catalysing high value-added economic activities, as the country strives to achieve upper middle-income country status.

According the latest Word Cities report, 80 per cent of global GDP is created by cities, despite their accounting for less than 60 per cent of the world’s population (UN-Habitat, 2016).

The Government of Sri Lanka recognizes the role of urban economy in shaping the future of the country. In this respect, Vision 2025 and Public Investment Programme (PIP) 2017-2020 lays out the urban policy priority actions: to promote western region as economic hub of the southern part of the Indian subcontinent, and to promote strategic city development to secondary urban spaces as provincial economic hubs. 

It is also interesting to see how competitive a city is, taking into account current and potential roles of governments, businesses and the private sector in the economic development of the city and urban settlements, best use of human capital,  and labour force participation, and existing skills and the job market etc. within demarcated territory. 

Land use for cultivation without Paddy

Source - Resource Profile, Embilipitiya DSD

In addition to paddy cultivation, mainly Banana cultivation and inter-crop cultivation are done in Embilipitiya,during the year 2016. Except paddy cultivation highest amount of land has been used to cultivate banana. That is 2126.6 hectare(16%of the total cultivated land) for banana cultivation, and 1587 hectares (12% of the total cultivated land) for additional crop cultivation has been used.

Udawalawa Zone Paddy Production ( Yala & Maha Session )

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

An increase in agricultural production is already being demonstrated based on the arising farming community with the Udawalawe Multipurpose Scheme (1963). As the main crop, paddy cultivation is being carried out in this region. In addition, vegetables, bananas, fruits, sugar cane, peanuts and maize are also being cultivated in this region. The Udawalawe main agricultural area has been named as the Walawa special zone under the Mahaweli Development Scheme and has been divided and named under 6 subdivisions. Out of this Embilipitiya town belongs to the Chandrikawewa division. During the past 2015-2016 years ,in the Yala season 11,378MT of paddy and in the Maha season 9,935 MT of paddy have been harvested in this region and contribution of the Chandrika Wewa zone to the Udawalawa zone in paddy production in the Yala and Maha season was 14.6% out of 27 major paddy production region in srilanka,Udawalawa is in 15 th place and the overall paddy production of the Udawalawa region from 1989 to the year 2015 trend to the gradual increase.

Occupational Types

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

In addition to the agricultural sector, industrial sector also contributes to the strengthening of the regional economy. Within the Embilipitiya city area there are overall 2400 industries established which consists of a large scale industry, 35 medium scale industries and 1505 self employment industries. Out of these industries, 917 industries are in the UDA Declared area. In addition to those industries,an industrial park comprising 50 acres of land has been established by the Ministry of Industries and presently, an area of 25 acres is being used in industries under the first stage. In addition to the manufacturing industries, the tourism industry can be identified as a significant industry in the region.

Tourist Arrivals

Source - UDA development plan

The tourism industry can be identified as a significant industry in the region. out of seven main tourist zones of the Sabaragamuwa Province Embilipitiya and adjacent tourism areas are included in Udawalawa Tourism zone Udawalawa Reservoir, Udawalawa National park, Sankapala viharaya, Maduwanwela Walawwa, Chandrika wewa, Liyangasthota Amuna and Udawalawe Elephant orphanage are among the tourist attraction of the region. The Udawalawa National Park has attracted tourists from all over the world and widthin 2015 January to July this park has attracted tourists from all over the world within 2015 January to July this park had attracted arrivals of 44032 foreign tourists and 52530

The commercial uses of the city

Source - UDA development plan

In the city that Market has been established to capable of supplying of agricultural seeds, fertilizers and Agrochemicals, agricultural vehicles, and machinery, as well as vehicles, motor spare parts sales service centre network and centres for sales of foods and restaurants. All these services are available in New town, Pallegama and Yodagama areas belonging to the town centre, allowing the clients to carry out their work easily. Established as the main urban centre in the Walawa region, this town receives from 30,000 to 60,000 people to acquire various services daily. Arrival for agricultural services from Godakawela, Pallebedda, Sankapala, Udawalawe, Kolonna, Kella, Sevanagala, Middeniya, Sooriyawewa and Ridiyagama has been identified. Especially from Kolonna, Sevanagala, Middeniya, Sooriyawewa and Ridiyagama, people come to Embilipitiya town for agricultural services due to the convenience of access to all requirements .for example, for a person who comes to the Embilipitiya Economic Center to sell agriculture crops, many financial companies are established in the city for financial purpose and can purchase seeds, fertilizer and other chemicals as per the desire of them in the city itself. The ability to buy machineries for agricultural services, motor vehicles, and spare parts to purchase agricultural products and food items, to buy essential daily items, to provide administrative, health, educational and financial necessities have been identified as the strength of the city to transform city into a commercial centre.

Monthly collection of the products in the Economic center(Metric tons)

Source - UDA development plan

According to the initial studies of the Higura Ara, Udagama, Thunkama and Higura areas,the expected harvest from a single cultivated season was,3372 metric tons of paddy ,1290 metric tons of banana and 1560 metric tons of vegetables. However, the harvest received per month from these areas is 200 metric tons of banana. Out of this, the economic centre receives a low percentage of between 40% and 50%. Vegetable production is about 260 metric tons per month and the economic centre receives a low rate of 23% to 26%

Thematic maps

 

Embilipitiya Urban Council area: 

Embilipitiya Urban Council covers an area of 13183 hectares. (Data Source _ Survey Department)

 

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Proper management of land, a scarce resource, can bring about many benefits. This is of great importance especially in urban areas.

 

It is timely to figure out how land is allocated and being used for what purpose in our cities today. In order to create well planned cities with a futuristic vision, having a better understanding of current land use is imperative.

 

Land use maps are categorized into 36 sub-categories under two types – built-up and non built-up. The extent of land in each of these sub categories are indicated below.

 

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Built-Up
Total
Built-Up
(ha)
Non-Built-Up
Total
Non-Built-Up
(ha)

 

Proper management of land, a scarce resource, can bring about many benefits. This is of great importance especially in urban areas.

 

It is timely to figure out how land is allocated and being used for what purpose in our cities today. In order to create well planned cities with a futuristic vision, having a better understanding of current land use is imperative.

 

Land use maps are categorized into 36 sub-categories under two types – built-up and non built-up. The extent of land in each of these sub categories are indicated below.

 

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Legends
Urban expansion statistics
Embilipitiya Urban Council ( km 2 )
Overall Growth rate 1995 - 2017 %
Urban change 1995 - 2017
TOTAL AOI 0