Demography
Population
Pls enter
ADMINISTRATIVE AREA
285.9 ha
Density
86.19 persons / ha

A city is a large human settlement. People are the main driving force in a city. The dynamism of a city is dependent  on people and their behaviour. A preliminary understanding of the composition and diverse capabilities of the populations in a city should be the key to a successful urban study.

This section provides a description of the demographic status and trends in the city, primarily based on 2012 census data, presenting an overall view of the population. Trends and patterns of urban population are discussed including  aspects of demography such as age, sex, ethnicity, education levels; and overall observations with regard to migration patterns, suburban population and gender.

Understanding the demographic and composition patterns of the population within the existing physical boundary will help in planning a livable  city.


 
 
 
 
 

 

Gender distribution by age

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

The overall sex ratio of the Eravur UC is 46% Male and Female 53%. The highest population belongs to 30-59 years category. it is 44.% of male population and 55 of the female population. The Second highest category is Less than 15 with 49% of Males and 51% of females. it significantly higher percentage than the current Sri Lankan average while considering the Trincomalee Municipal Council limits, 47.96% are male and 52.04% are female.

Download data file here

Composition of the Ethnic Profile - by Urban Area, District, and Province

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

The highest number of the ethnicity of the population of Eravur UC is Sri Lankan Moor. It is the second-highest Moor percentage among MCs and UCs in Batticaloa District. additionally, Sinhalese 1%, Sri Lanka Tamil 13%, and no Indian Tamil population lived in 2012. The Sinhalese population 1% is very closer to the available district's Sinhalese percentage.

Download data file here

Migrant population in city limits by years of residence

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

Internal migration has always been one of the forces driving the growth of urbanization and bringing opportunities and challenges to cities, migrants and governments. Increasingly, municipal authorities are becoming recognized as key actors in managing migration and have started including migration in their urban planning and implementation. Thus, for cities to better manage migration, data on migration and urbanization are essential. The total male resident population in the Eravur Urban Council area is 11621 the total female resident population is 13022 out of which the total male migrant population is 1245 and the total female migrant population is 1013, showing a slightly higher percentage of female immigrants. The majority of this migrant population has resided in the city for more than 10 years, thus more like first-generation citizens rather than migrants.

Download data file here

Gender Distribution

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

In 2020, male to female ratio for Sri Lanka was 92.12 males per 100 females. Male to female ratio of Sri Lanka fell gradually from 119.5 males per 100 females in 1950 to 92.12 males per 100 females in 2020. Out of the total population within the Eravur Urban Council limits, 47.2% are male and 52.8% are female. it is quite similar to the current trend In Sri Lanaka

Download data file here

Urban Governance

Urban governance can be simplified as “how government (local, regional and national) and stakeholders decide on planning, financing and managing urban areas”. It involves a continuous process of negotiation and contestation over allocation of social and material resources and political power.

This section provide a snapshot of the emergent contours of urban governance in Sri Lanka, focusing on financial resilience, service provision and economic dynamism.

Information available here are collected and calculated considering secondary data sets, ground level surveys as well as stakeholder discussions. The city governance index has taken many a factor into consideration and provides a valuable way of assessing our cities and how they rank from a governance perspective.

Workers related to road sector

Source - Eravur Urban Council

There are permanent and casual workers in the road sector. in year 2018, the majority of them are permanent workers.

Workers related to Sanitation sector

Source - Eravur Urban Council

The majority of the available sanitation-related workers are permanent. The workers are responsible for all the cleaning and maintaining sanitation-related services. The permanent as well as casual workers are supporting the services to be maintained at an efficient level.

Municipal Services

Municipal services is one of the key tasks an urban centre carries out fto ensure a functional living condition for its citizens.

The access to municipal services and the quality of their provision strongly influence the social, economic and environmental performance of a city as well as urban development.

Urban centres provide key services that underpin Sri Lanka’s socioeconomic development. Cities provide key government administration functions, such as vehicle registration services, access to social protection schemes, and a range of additional services (explored in detail in Chapter 9, urban governance in the SoSLC Report). Urban centres provide residents with health and education services: providing equitable access to quality healthcare and education. They also include services to facilitate social recreational activities and promote community cohesion, such as libraries, community centres and sports facilities. Ensuring quality services is a crucial component in securing an urban future for all Sri Lankans. 

child and mother care services
ServiceService Delivered to the Citizen
child and mother care servicesThis service is not available here

Source - Eravur Urban Council

This service is not available here

Facilities for delivering services
FacilitiesAvailability
Availability of Road Inventory 
Yes
Availability of  Asset registerYes
Citizen to request servicesNo
A 'reference no' is issued to the citizen requesting servicesNo
A "Front office" is available No
All the services can be accessed at a single location
(Front office) by a visiting citizen
No
Separate Male / Female toilets are available for the visiting citizen Yes

Source - Eravur Urban Council

This data represent the 2021 records. Services delivered to the citizens by the local authority is very important to measure the functionalities and capacities of the local authority.

Fire Hazard prevention service
ServicesService Delivered to the Citizen
Fire Hazard prevention serviceThis service is not available here

Source - Eravur Urban Council

This service is not available here

Fitness Gym Centers
servicesService Delivered to the Citizen
Fitness Gym CentersThis service is not available here

Source - Eravur Urban Council

This service is not available here

water supplies
ServicesService Delivered to the Citizen
Water supply - Pipe Borne by LA 
This service is not available here
Water supply - Common wellThis service is not available here
Water supply - Tube Well
This service is not available here
Water supply - Standpipes
This service is not available here

Source - Eravur Urban Council

This service is not available here

Number of training for Capacity Development

Heavy vehicles and equipment owned by local authority

Source - Eravur Urban Council

Uplifting the people’s living standards is a prominent task as well as a requirement of any country. Sri Lanka also attempts to acquire a higher level of living standard of people in the field of economic, social, and cultural development. In the process, it is a preeminent contribution in minimizing regional disparities, contributing to national economic development, and strengthening the democratic process that has been shown by the Provincial Councils and the Local Government system in the country. Local Government ministry has provided allocation for the strengthening of low-income generated Local Authorities to improve infrastructure facilities and furnish essential machines and equipment. Especially, more allocations have been provided for selected local authorities, which are facing many difficulties in carrying out day-to-day maintenances due to insufficient income levels.

Regulatory Services (Applications average per month)

Source - Eravur Urban Council

The Urban council receive different types of applications. Considering the monthly average of the received applications, the highest amount of applications are received to obtain trade licenses.

Social services programs

Source - Eravur Urban Council

Fund alocation for social servises in the area indicate the facilities provided to develop the quality of the socity. The data elaborate on main sectiones in social servises, and how the budget alocations and expenditure took place in 2018.

Thematic maps

 

Eravur Urban Council area: 

Eravur Urban Council covers an area of 285.9 hectares. (Data Source _ Survey Department)

Download Map Here                    Download Data Layer Here

 

Distribution of Grama Niladhari Divisions in Eravur Urban Council:

Further details related to its 16 Grama Niladhari Divisions can be seen by downloading the map. (Data Source: Survey Department)

Download Map Here                    Download Data Layer Here

 

Road Map of Eravur Urban Council:

The road map for Eravur Urban Council shows information on the road classifications. Road names are visible in the detailed layer which can be downloaded. This has been updated in 2020.(Data Source _ Openstreetmap)

Download Map Here                    Download Data Layer Here

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Legends

 

Proper management of land, a scarce resource, can bring about many benefits. This is of great importance especially in urban areas.

 

It is timely to figure out how land is allocated and being used for what purpose in our cities today. In order to create well planned cities with a futuristic vision, having a better understanding of current land use is imperative.

 

Land use maps are categorized into 36 sub-categories under two types – built-up and non built-up. The extent of land in each of these sub categories are indicated below.

 

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Data Source: Survey Department
Data Source: Survey Department
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The Eravur Urban Council covers an area of 285.9 hectares. There are 16 Grama Niladhari Divisions within that limits. (For detailed information, please refer to the thematic maps section under the City Information page)

 

The Eravur Urban Council area, known as the major city in the Eastern Province, has a high built-up land area (243.23 hectares) and it covers 85.86% of the total land area. Non built-up land is limited (40.04 ha) which is just 14.34%.

The source of this spacial data is the Survey Department. This is a fairly old data file and should be further subdivided using land use verification to have more accurate information. Hopes this is enough just to get a rough idea.This is spatial data contributed to the creation of 1: 50000 land use maps.

 

The built-up land has been categorized under six main categories as residential, commercial, institutional, industrial, transport, public space, cultural and under construction. Non built-up land has been divided into six sub-categories as agriculture, water, forest, wetlands, coastal areas and barren lands. The built-up land is again divided into 30 subsections. (More information on the respective land use is listed below with charts and land area)

Built-Up
Total
Built-Up
243.23 (ha)
  • Low Rise
    • 44.52
  • Retail
    • 198.71
Non-Built-Up
Total
Non-Built-Up
40.04 (ha)
    • 27.03
    • 12.39
    • 0.62

 

In all of the cities it can be identified that the higher densities are concentrated in the city centres and the expansion is taken place along the roads. The expansion pattern is shaped by the geography of the surrounding area.

 

The selection of the area for the urban expansion analysis was followed by several preliminary studies. Initially, the urban index values which was identified using the remote sensing information were studied in the respective municipal areas including a fringe area.
Before selecting interested area for the expansion analysis it should consider following facts
- Municipal boundary
- At least 2-3 km buffer around Municipal boundary
- Rough boundary where the physical urban character disappearing

 

In the remote sensing discipline, the values higher than 0 represent the built-up areas.The boundary for the fringe area was identified by getting the extent of urban expansion as well as a fine boundary where the high-density expansion become insignificant. The identified boundaries were projected on to the latest satellite images to assure the identified urban index values are in line with the existing building densities.

 

 

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Urban expansion statistics
Eravur Urban Council ( km 2 )
Overall Growth rate 1995 - 2017 %
Urban change 1995 - 2017
TOTAL AOI 0