380ha ha
17 persons / ha

A city is a large human settlement. People are the main driving force in a city. The dynamism of a city is dependent  on people and their behaviour. A preliminary understanding of the composition and diverse capabilities of the populations in a city should be the key to a successful urban study.

This section provides a description of the demographic status and trends in the city, primarily based on 2012 census data, presenting an overall view of the population. Trends and patterns of urban population are discussed including  aspects of demography such as age, sex, ethnicity, education levels; and overall observations with regard to migration patterns, suburban population and gender.

Understanding the demographic and composition patterns of the population within the existing physical boundary will help in planning a livable  city.



Gender distribution by age


Source - Resource profile Divisional secretariat office kuliyapitiya (west)

Considering the spread of religion in the city limits, it seems that the majority are Buddhists.Moreover, Catholics and Muslims have approximately the same number.

Composition of the Ethnic Profile - by Urban Area, District, and Province

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

Considering the total population of the North Western Province and the Kurunegala District, it appears that the Muslim population is very large.Also, when comparing the population within the city limits, it appears that the Tamil and Muslim populations are in equal numbers.

Population by ethnicity

Source - resource profile -divisional secrataraite office -Kuliyapitiya west

Considering the population distribution in the Kuliyapitiya urban area, it appears that the majority Sinhalese live in the area.Tamil and Muslim people seem to live equally within the city limits.

Gender Distribution

Source - Resource profile Divisional secretariat office Kuliyapitiya (west)

According to the population of the Kuliyapitiya Municipal Council area, it appears that the female population is higher than the male population.


Education has always been a significant element in societal development. The development of education facilities contributes substantially to the development in an urban area.

As a developing country it is crucial to address poverty in order to attain the development goals. Education plays a major role in poverty reduction. Presently, several global cities have been implementing the concept of smart city to improve the quality of life of the society, including in the field of education.

Good educational institutions and coverage enables a population to have decent livelihoods be they self employed or part of the workforce. Understanding how a city provides primary, secondary and tertiary eductional as well as skill development through vocational centres could provide some pointers to how well a city is doing or where it needs to develop further.

Computer literacy - ( Population aged 10 years and above )

Category of Educational attainment by Gender( aged 3 - 24 years )

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

add discription

Classification of schools

Source - Resource profile - Urban Council Kuliyapitiya

There are 01 Central College within the city limits and there are 03 Maha Colleges and 02 Junior Colleges.Also Wayo University and Technical College are located within this boundary.


Connectivity is central to key GoSL strategic aims: to promote economic growth, and to rebalance growth across the country’s 9 provinces. Higher the connectivity to any city, better is the urban growth in that city. 

Detailed information on key transport aspects including bus and rail transport, freight route maps, airports and logistic systems are aspects that should be considered for a city to be properly interconnected within the bigger system. One of the SDG targets 11.2 is about access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems, road safety, public transport, and if we are to move towards being sustainble, these need to be considered in tranpsort planning. Further, the needs of people in vulnerable situations, women and children, persons with disabilities and older persons should also be considered.

ICT coverage is another way of being connected and recent technological advances enable a city to be better connected through its access to ICTs as well.

Road type and length

Source - Resource profile Divisional secretariat office kuliyapitiya (west)

Considering the type of road within the Urban limits, the length of the tarred road is much larger than the length of the gravel road.Also, considering the total length of the road, the length of the gravel road is very small and there are no other roads.

Accident statistics in Police Divisions (Number of fatal casualties)


Cities are the primary drivers of economic development, therefore, Sri Lanka’s cities have a decisive role to play in driving the economy forward by catalysing high value-added economic activities, as the country strives to achieve upper middle-income country status.

According the latest Word Cities report, 80 per cent of global GDP is created by cities, despite their accounting for less than 60 per cent of the world’s population (UN-Habitat, 2016).

The Government of Sri Lanka recognizes the role of urban economy in shaping the future of the country. In this respect, Vision 2025 and Public Investment Programme (PIP) 2017-2020 lays out the urban policy priority actions: to promote western region as economic hub of the southern part of the Indian subcontinent, and to promote strategic city development to secondary urban spaces as provincial economic hubs. 

It is also interesting to see how competitive a city is, taking into account current and potential roles of governments, businesses and the private sector in the economic development of the city and urban settlements, best use of human capital,  and labour force participation, and existing skills and the job market etc. within demarcated territory. 

Employment based on education

Source - Resource profile Divisional secretariat office Kuliyapitiya (west)

According to the population of the Kuliyapitiya Urban Council area, the number of students who have passed the GCE Ordinary Level is high.The number of students passing the GCE Advanced Level examination is also significant. This is due to the popular schools and educational institutions around the city

Unemployment depends on the level of education

Source - Resource profile Divisional secretariat office kuliyapitiya (west)

Within the Kuliyapitiya Urban Council area It appears that no one who did not go to school was reported.It seems that those who pass the GCE Ordinary Level examination have a higher score compared to the population in the Advanced Level and higher education levels.

Average Monthly Income of a Family

Source - Resource profile Divisional secretariat office-kuliyapitiya (west)

Considering the income distribution within the Kuliyapitiya city limits, it appears that the lowest income group is very small compared to the population earning more than Rs. 10000.00.

Municipal Services

Municipal services is one of the key tasks an urban centre carries out fto ensure a functional living condition for its citizens.

The access to municipal services and the quality of their provision strongly influence the social, economic and environmental performance of a city as well as urban development.

Urban centres provide key services that underpin Sri Lanka’s socioeconomic development. Cities provide key government administration functions, such as vehicle registration services, access to social protection schemes, and a range of additional services (explored in detail in Chapter 9, urban governance in the SoSLC Report). Urban centres provide residents with health and education services: providing equitable access to quality healthcare and education. They also include services to facilitate social recreational activities and promote community cohesion, such as libraries, community centres and sports facilities. Ensuring quality services is a crucial component in securing an urban future for all Sri Lankans. 

Types of Waste

Source - City Council Information

Clinical waste is not accepted within the city limits and factory waste is not handed over to the city council.

Distribution of public facilities in the division

Source - Budget documents Urban Council Kuliyapitiya

This shows what are the public services within the city limits of Kuliyapitiya which covers an area of 3.8 sq. Km.


A city needs to have an environment that is habitable and conducive with appropriate spaces for people who use the city, while also being resilient in the face of increasing climate risk.

Aspects such as a cities’ air and water quality, quality of the built environment as well as the aesthetic and historic aspects in the city are things we need to look at. However, in the light of increasing disaster risk, managing climate change impact in the light of current urbanisation patterns becomes a key concern, and thus land use planning in a city needs to take this into account.

SDG targets 11.4 (safeguarding cultural and natural heritage) and 11.5 (reducing impacts of disasters, especially floods), 11.6 (air quality and waste) and  11.7 (safe, open and green spaces for all groups) all emphasize that for a city to be sustainable, these aspects need to be considered.

Average minimum and maximum air temperature at observation stations

Source - Resource profile Divisional secretariat office kuliyapitiya (west)

Compared to other regions of Sri Lanka, the North Western Province is located between the dry and wet zone.Puttalam, a district in the North Western Province, has been experiencing dry weather for several months of the year.

Thematic maps
Filter Map
Filter Map


Proper management of land, a scarce resource, can bring about many benefits. This is of great importance especially in urban areas.


It is timely to figure out how land is allocated and being used for what purpose in our cities today. In order to create well planned cities with a futuristic vision, having a better understanding of current land use is imperative.


Land use maps are categorized into 36 sub-categories under two types – built-up and non built-up. The extent of land in each of these sub categories are indicated below.


Filter Map
Filter Map


In all of the cities it can be identified that the higher densities are concentrated in the city centres and the expansion is taken place along the roads. The expansion pattern is shaped by the geography of the surrounding area.


The selection of the area for the urban expansion analysis was followed by several preliminary studies. Initially, the urban index values which was identified using the remote sensing information were studied in the respective municipal areas including a fringe area.
Before selecting interested area for the expansion analysis it should consider following facts
- Municipal boundary
- At least 2-3 km buffer around Municipal boundary
- Rough boundary where the physical urban character disappearing


In the remote sensing discipline, the values higher than 0 represent the built-up areas.The boundary for the fringe area was identified by getting the extent of urban expansion as well as a fine boundary where the high-density expansion become insignificant. The identified boundaries were projected on to the latest satellite images to assure the identified urban index values are in line with the existing building densities.



Filter Map
Filter Map
Urban expansion statistics
Kuliyapitiya Urban Council ( km 2 )
Overall Growth rate 1995 - 2017 %
Urban change 1995 - 2017