Demography
Population
25000
ADMINISTRATIVE AREA
2787 ha
Density
9.5 persons / ha

A city is a large human settlement. People are the main driving force in a city. The dynamism of a city is dependent  on people and their behaviour. A preliminary understanding of the composition and diverse capabilities of the populations in a city should be the key to a successful urban study.

Predictions made by identifying demographic and composition patterns of the population within the existing physical boundary will create a well-planned livable  city.
 
 
 
 
 

 

Gender Distribution

Source - Statistical Hand Book 2019

Out of the total population within the Mannar Urban Council limits, 49.18% are male and 50.82% are female. The specialty of the city of Mannar is that there are more males than females compared to other cities in Sri Lanka.

Gender distribution by age

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

The age distribution of population has been represented by the sample size of 100. Out of these population 8% represents over 60age, 38% represents 30-59age, 26% represents 15-29age, 28% represents less than 15age.

Population by age groups

Source - Statistical Hand Book 2019 District Secretariat, Mannar

The graph elaborates the population with age categories in the area.

Migration to city limits by years of residents

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

The total male resident population in the Mannar Urban Council area is 12173, the total female resident population is 12244 out of which the total male migrant population is 4601 and the total female migrant population is 4380. According to that the amount of male inmigrants are comparatively higher than the female inmigrants..

Download data file here

Language competency

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

Data showing the multinational language skills of ethnic group in 2012 in the Mannar Urban Council.

Download data file here

Ethnicity

Source - Statistical Hand Book 2019 District Secretariat, Mannar

Mannar City' ethnic city makeup comprises a majority of 49.81% tamil, 27.27% Sri Lankan moor, 12.08% Sinhalese, 10.73% Indian Tamil and others groups 1.1 per cent.

Economy

Cities are the primary drivers of economic development, therefore, Sri Lanka’s cities have a decisive role to play in driving the economy forward by catalysing high value-added economic activities, as the country strives to achieve upper middle-income country status.

According the latest Word Cities report, 80 per cent of global GDP is created by cities, despite their accounting for less than 60 per cent of the world’s population (UN-Habitat, 2016).

The Government of Sri Lanka recognizes the role of urban economy in shaping the future of the country. In this respect, Vision 2025 and Public Investment Programme (PIP) 2017-2020 lays out the urban policy priority actions: to promote western region as economic hub of the southern part of the Indian subcontinent, and to promote strategic city development to secondary urban spaces as provincial economic hubs. 

It is also interesting to see how competitive a city is, taking into account current and potential roles of governments, businesses and the private sector in the economic development of the city and urban settlements, best use of human capital,  and labour force participation, and existing skills and the job market etc. within demarcated territory. 

Annual Revenue and Expenditure

Urban Governance

Urban governance can be simplified as “how government (local, regional and national) and stakeholders decide on planning, financing and managing urban areas”. It involves a continuous process of negotiation and contestation over allocation of social and material resources and political power.

This section provide a snapshot of the emergent contours of urban governance in Sri Lanka, focusing on financial resilience, service provision and economic dynamism.

Information available here are collected and calculated considering secondary data sets, ground level surveys as well as stakeholder discussions. The city governance index has taken many a factor into consideration and provides a valuable way of assessing our cities and how they rank from a governance perspective.

Administrative Divisions

Source - Land Use Policy Planning Department

Administratively this district is divided into five Divisional Secretary's Divisions namely MannarTown, Nanattan, Musali, Manthai West, and Madhu and each headed by a Divisional Secretary. There are four Pradeshiya Sabhas and one Urban Council in Mannar District. Predesiya Sabhas are Mannar, Nanattan, Musali, and Manthai West and Mannar Town is upgraded as an Urban Council. The district consists of 153 Grama Niladhai divisions and 587 villages.

Distribution of Local Authorities (by Province)

Source - Statistical Hand Book 2019 Divisional Secretariat Mannar

There are one Urban Council and four Pradeshiya Sabhas in Mannar District.

Housing

An important function of Sri Lanka’s cities is to provide housing for the diversity of residents that support urban life. Sri Lankan early urban settlement legacy – histories, patterns, trends including land use and housing and the development challenges that come along with it have shaped the nature of our cities.

The share of housing as a proportion of built-up area across the different cities was considered, and numerous factors affect the figure. e.g. Anuradhapura, has restrictions on residential developments because of its cultural, historical and touristic importance, other MCs include significant social and economic land use, operating as a hub to surrounding suburbs and rural areas with large residential populations.

Housing policy challenges that are encountered by the city administrators relate to tenure systems, the supply of affordable, high quality housing, and difficulties accessing housing finance. 

Types of housing

Source - Statistical Hand Book - 2019, Mannar Town

An important function of Sri Lanka’s cities is to provide housing for the diversity of residents that support urban life. The share of housing as a proportion of built-up area across the different cities was considered. Housing policy challenges that are encountered by the city administrators relate to tenure systems, the supply of affordable, high quality housing, and difficulties accessing housing finance.

Number of families and Houses

Source - Statistical Hand Book 2019 District Secretariat, Mannar

There are 7097 families and 6091 houses in urban council Mannar area.

Housing Classification

Source - Statistical Hand Book 2019 District Secretariat, Mannar

The graph indicate that in Mannar Urban council almost 71.31 per cent of the houses were permanent in 2018.

Municipal Services

Municipal services is one of the key tasks an urban centre carries out fto ensure a functional living condition for its citizens.

The access to municipal services and the quality of their provision strongly influence the social, economic and environmental performance of a city as well as urban development.

Urban centres provide key services that underpin Sri Lanka’s socioeconomic development. Cities provide key government administration functions, such as vehicle registration services, access to social protection schemes, and a range of additional services (explored in detail in Chapter 9, urban governance in the SoSLC Report). Urban centres provide residents with health and education services: providing equitable access to quality healthcare and education. They also include services to facilitate social recreational activities and promote community cohesion, such as libraries, community centres and sports facilities. Ensuring quality services is a crucial component in securing an urban future for all Sri Lankans. 

Number of religious places by religion

Source - Statistical Hand Book 2019 Urban Council, Mannar

If we take 100% of the places of worship in Mannar Urban council, 2.38% of them are Buddhist temples, 52.38% are Christian churches, 16.67% are Islamic Masjids and 28.57% are Hindu temples.

Environment

A city needs to have an environment that is habitable and conducive with appropriate spaces for people who use the city, while also being resilient in the face of increasing climate risk.

Aspects such as a cities’ air and water quality, quality of the built environment as well as the aesthetic and historic aspects in the city are things we need to look at. However, in the light of increasing disaster risk, managing climate change impact in the light of current urbanisation patterns becomes a key concern, and thus land use planning in a city needs to take this into account.

SDG targets 11.4 (safeguarding cultural and natural heritage) and 11.5 (reducing impacts of disasters, especially floods), 11.6 (air quality and waste) and  11.7 (safe, open and green spaces for all groups) all emphasize that for a city to be sustainable, these aspects need to be considered.

Monthly Average Rainfall and Temperature

Source - Statistical Hand Book 2019 Divisional Secretariat Mannar

Mannar District is located in the dry zone of the country and less rains are occurring in southwest monsoon period in the area. Considering the flood records in past few years, 2019 is the only year where there is no recorded flood situation according to DMC. As it is clear in the graph here, in 2019, the number of days rained is very low but the rainfall intensity is high. This situation is tallying with the recorded high flood situation in Mannar in 2019. The graph also visualize a five year gap in between similar situations.

Flood Data

Source - Statistical Hand Book 2019 District Secretariat, Mannar

Mannar District has been continuously affected by floods. According to the records in 2018 affected 28 families and 91 people.

Annual average air temperature at observation stations

Source - Department of Meteorology

Here is the change in the annual values of air temprature from 2009 to 2013. According to the Mannar Observatory station, air temprature in the area is calculated separately for each month and more information can be downloaded from the following detailed statistics.

Download data file here

Thematic maps

 

Mannar Pradeshiya Sabha area: 

Mannar Pradeshiya Sabha covers an area of 76172 hectares. (Data Source:Survey Department)

Download Map Here                           Download Data Layer Here

 

Map of Distribution of Grama Niladhari Divisions in Mannar District:
The ethnic / sex / age composition in the Mannar District, detailed for each of its 152 Grama Niladhari Divisions. (Data Source: Survey Department)

Download Map Here                         Download Data Layer Here    

 

Abandoned Paddy Lands Under Rainfed Catagory: It includes details of abandoned paddy lands in this area, which has a predominantly agricultural economy. (Data Source: Land Use Policy Planning Department)

Download Map Here                         Download Data Layer Here    

 

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Legends

 

Proper management of land, a scarce resource, can bring about many benefits. This is of great importance especially in urban areas.

 

It is timely to figure out how land is allocated and being used for what purpose in our cities today. In order to create well planned cities with a futuristic vision, having a better understanding of current land use is imperative.

 

Land use maps are categorized into 36 sub-categories under two types – built-up and non built-up. The extent of land in each of these sub categories are indicated below.

 

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Built-Up
Total
Built-Up
7 (ha)
  • Low Rise
    • 1
  • Retail
    • 1
  • Factory
    • 1
  • Airport
    • 1
  • Playground
    • 1
    Cemetery
    • 1
    • 1
Non-Built-Up
Total
Non-Built-Up
8 (ha)
    • 1
    • 1
    • 1
    • 1
    • 1
    • 1
    • 1
    • 1

 

Proper management of land, a scarce resource, can bring about many benefits. This is of great importance especially in urban areas.

 

It is timely to figure out how land is allocated and being used for what purpose in our cities today. In order to create well planned cities with a futuristic vision, having a better understanding of current land use is imperative.

 

Land use maps are categorized into 36 sub-categories under two types – built-up and non built-up. The extent of land in each of these sub categories are indicated below.

 

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Legends
Urban expansion statistics
Mannar Urban Council ( km 2 )
Overall Growth rate 1995 - 2017 %
Urban change 1995 - 2017
TOTAL AOI 0