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29244.25 ha
1.58 persons / ha

A city is a large human settlement. People are the main driving force in a city. The dynamism of a city is dependent  on people and their behaviour. A preliminary understanding of the composition and diverse capabilities of the populations in a city should be the key to a successful urban study.

Predictions made by identifying demographic and composition patterns of the population within the existing physical boundary will create a well-planned livable  city.


Information about the recipients of allowances

Source - Divisional Secretariat - Moneragala

This Information is about the recipients of allowances in the Monaragala PS area

Download data file here

Population By Gender

Source - District Secretariat - Monaragala

Out of the 11 Divisional Secretariats in the Monaragala District, the female population is higher than the male population in all the Divisional Secretariats except in the Kataragama Divisional Secretariat.Overall, the female population of the district as a whole is higher than that of the male population.

Urban Governance

Urban governance can be simplified as “how government (local, regional and national) and stakeholders decide on planning, financing and managing urban areas”. It involves a continuous process of negotiation and contestation over allocation of social and material resources and political power.

This section provide a snapshot of the emergent contours of urban governance in Sri Lanka, focusing on financial resilience, service provision and economic dynamism.

Information available here are collected and calculated considering secondary data sets, ground level surveys as well as stakeholder discussions. The city governance index has taken many a factor into consideration and provides a valuable way of assessing our cities and how they rank from a governance perspective.

Administrative Structure

Source - Distric Statistical Branch - Monaragala

This shows the statistical information of the Grama Niladhari Divisions, Local Government Institutions and Police Stations belonging to the Divisional Secretariats in the Monaragala District.

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Area of DS Divisions

Source - District Statistics Division

This shows the size of the Divisional Secretariats in the Monaragala District. Accordingly, in terms of size, the largest area of ​​land belongs to Siyambalanduwa Divisional Secretariat. The same applies to local government bodies of the same size.

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A city needs to have an environment that is habitable and conducive with appropriate spaces for people who use the city, while also being resilient in the face of increasing climate risk.

Aspects such as a cities’ air and water quality, quality of the built environment as well as the aesthetic and historic aspects in the city are things we need to look at. However, in the light of increasing disaster risk, managing climate change impact in the light of current urbanisation patterns becomes a key concern, and thus land use planning in a city needs to take this into account.

SDG targets 11.4 (safeguarding cultural and natural heritage) and 11.5 (reducing impacts of disasters, especially floods), 11.6 (air quality and waste) and  11.7 (safe, open and green spaces for all groups) all emphasize that for a city to be sustainable, these aspects need to be considered.

Annual average air temperature at observation stations

Source - Department of Meteorology

Here is the change in the annual values of air temprature from 2011 to 2013. According to the Monaragala Observatory station, air temprature in the area is calculated separately for each month and more information can be downloaded from the following detailed statistics.

Download data file here

Monthly Rainfall in District

Source - Department of Meteorology

Monaragala district belongs to the dry climate zone. Monsoon monsoon winds are used to carry out farming activities during the Maha season. The district receives maximum rainfall in March, April, May, July, October, November and December.

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Thematic maps


Monaragala Pradeshiya Sabha area: 

Monaragala Pradeshiya Sabha covers an area of 29244.25 hectares. (Data Source _ Survey Department)

Download Map Here                      Download Data Layer Here   


Distribution of Grama Niladhari Divisions in Monaragala Pradeshiya Sabha:

Further details related to its 26 Grama Niladhari Divisions can be seen by downloading the map. (Data Source: Survey Department)

Download Map Here                         Download Data Layer Here


Road Map of Monaragala Pradeshiya Sabha:

The road map for Monaragala Pradeshiya Sabha shows information on the road classifications. Road names are visible in the detailed layer which can be downloaded. This has been updated in 2020.(Data Source _ Openstreetmap)

Download Map Here                         Download Data Layer Here

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Proper management of land, a scarce resource, can bring about many benefits. This is of great importance especially in urban areas.


It is timely to figure out how land is allocated and being used for what purpose in our cities today. In order to create well planned cities with a futuristic vision, having a better understanding of current land use is imperative.


Land use maps are categorized into 36 sub-categories under two types – built-up and non built-up. The extent of land in each of these sub categories are indicated below.


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7890.4 (ha)
  • Low Rise
    • 7651.72
  • Retail
    • 11.31
  • Factory
    • 151.9
  • Park/Square
    • 8.9
    • 58.12
    • 8.45
58687.11 (ha)
    • 13914.24
    • 14781.12
    • 22182.56
    • 368.1
    • 1.52
    • 6874.89
    • 564.68


In all of the cities it can be identified that the higher densities are concentrated in the city centres and the expansion is taken place along the roads. The expansion pattern is shaped by the geography of the surrounding area.


The selection of the area for the urban expansion analysis was followed by several preliminary studies. Initially, the urban index values which was identified using the remote sensing information were studied in the respective municipal areas including a fringe area.
Before selecting interested area for the expansion analysis it should consider following facts
- Municipal boundary
- At least 2-3 km buffer around Municipal boundary
- Rough boundary where the physical urban character disappearing


In the remote sensing discipline, the values higher than 0 represent the built-up areas.The boundary for the fringe area was identified by getting the extent of urban expansion as well as a fine boundary where the high-density expansion become insignificant. The identified boundaries were projected on to the latest satellite images to assure the identified urban index values are in line with the existing building densities.



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Urban expansion statistics
Monaragala Pradeshiya Sabha ( km 2 )
Overall Growth rate 1995 - 2017 %
Urban change 1995 - 2017