Demography
Population
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ADMINISTRATIVE AREA
2800 ha
Density
50.87 persons / ha

A city is a large human settlement. People are the main driving force in a city. The dynamism of a city is dependent  on people and their behaviour. A preliminary understanding of the composition and diverse capabilities of the populations in a city should be the key to a successful urban study.

Predictions made by identifying demographic and composition patterns of the population within the existing physical boundary will create a well-planned livable  city.
 
 
 
 
 

 

Reason for migration

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

Employment is considered as the main reason for male population migration in to the city, and the females are migrated in the city is due to marriages and also considering employments as well as accompanying with a family member.

Gender distribution by age

Economy

Cities are the primary drivers of economic development, therefore, Sri Lanka’s cities have a decisive role to play in driving the economy forward by catalysing high value-added economic activities, as the country strives to achieve upper middle-income country status.

According the latest Word Cities report, 80 per cent of global GDP is created by cities, despite their accounting for less than 60 per cent of the world’s population (UN-Habitat, 2016).

The Government of Sri Lanka recognizes the role of urban economy in shaping the future of the country. In this respect, Vision 2025 and Public Investment Programme (PIP) 2017-2020 lays out the urban policy priority actions: to promote western region as economic hub of the southern part of the Indian subcontinent, and to promote strategic city development to secondary urban spaces as provincial economic hubs. 

It is also interesting to see how competitive a city is, taking into account current and potential roles of governments, businesses and the private sector in the economic development of the city and urban settlements, best use of human capital,  and labour force participation, and existing skills and the job market etc. within demarcated territory. 

Major Sectors of Economy

Source - Negombo Municipal Council

Currently Negombo act as the one of major commercial, transport centre, an educational Facilitator and health service provider for the Region that is function with both rail and road network together in Gampaha District. There is significantly identifiable well-established trunk road and railway which contributes to create the order of the city. In national context, Negombo is 2nd order city and in accordance with the National Physical Plan, a hierarchy of urban centres for the western province, Negombo urban area is identified as a main functional Economic town within the province. Negombo has a good transport network which enhances the national, regional and local linkages. Major roads are going via Negombo. Major cities of Minuwangoda, Ja Ela, Divulapitiya, Gampaha and Chillaw are directly connecting to get the services. It is located within the close proximity to Bandaranayke International Airport, Katunayake Free Trade Zones and Katunayake expressway interchange. This contributes to strengthen the self-sufficient economy of the city that is created through three major sectors of tourism, fishery and commerce. Simply 45% of economy is based on fishery, 35% of economy is based on tourism and 20% of economy is based on commerce and other service.

Housing

An important function of Sri Lanka’s cities is to provide housing for the diversity of residents that support urban life. Sri Lankan early urban settlement legacy – histories, patterns, trends including land use and housing and the development challenges that come along with it have shaped the nature of our cities.

The share of housing as a proportion of built-up area across the different cities was considered, and numerous factors affect the figure. e.g. Anuradhapura, has restrictions on residential developments because of its cultural, historical and touristic importance, other MCs include significant social and economic land use, operating as a hub to surrounding suburbs and rural areas with large residential populations.

Housing policy challenges that are encountered by the city administrators relate to tenure systems, the supply of affordable, high quality housing, and difficulties accessing housing finance. 

Number of families and Houses

Source - Ministry of Housing and Construction

This Data is for Negombo Divisional Secretariat area. using this data it can clearly identify how many housing deficit is there. Housing Needs Assessment and Data Survey - 2016 (Island wide Survey)

Housing Needs Assessment (Type of housing)

Source - Ministry of Housing and Construction

Based on a survey conducted by the Ministry of Housing and Construction under the Housing Needs Assessment in the Negombo Divisional Secretariat and the Gampaha District, the information relating to the nature of the house is given here.

Housing Needs Assessment (Land and house ownership)

Source - Ministry of Housing and Construction

Based on a survey conducted by the Ministry of Housing and Construction under the Housing Needs Assessment in the Negombo Divisional Secretariat and the Gampaha District, the information relating to land and housing is given here.

Municipal Services

Municipal services is one of the key tasks an urban centre carries out fto ensure a functional living condition for its citizens.

The access to municipal services and the quality of their provision strongly influence the social, economic and environmental performance of a city as well as urban development.

Urban centres provide key services that underpin Sri Lanka’s socioeconomic development. Cities provide key government administration functions, such as vehicle registration services, access to social protection schemes, and a range of additional services (explored in detail in Chapter 9, urban governance in the SoSLC Report). Urban centres provide residents with health and education services: providing equitable access to quality healthcare and education. They also include services to facilitate social recreational activities and promote community cohesion, such as libraries, community centres and sports facilities. Ensuring quality services is a crucial component in securing an urban future for all Sri Lankans. 

Types of Waste

Source - Negombo Municipal Council

According to the records of the Municipal Council, Negombo, the collection of garbage per day is approximately 110-120 tons. The municipal waste composition varies depending on the community status.During 2017 – 2018 period the MC has introduced approx. 500 compost bins to urban area for a cost of Rs 2375/- and the recyclable waste of these areas would be collected by the MC. MC conducts a programme called “Haritha Mithuru” with coordination of volunteers and the role of the programme is aware the people regarding waste management methodologies. At present the MC practices to open dump the collected waste in Ovitiyawatta, Kochchikade area in approximately 05 acres land belonging to a private owner. 40 tons of generated biodegradable waste is used to produce 10 tons of compost per month in Kurana compost yard. Municipal Council earns approximately Rs. 100,000 120,000 per month by selling compost. PET bottles, polyethene, plastic, tin, iron, paper, cardboard like other recyclable material would be sold for the recycling centres.

Thematic maps
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Proper management of land, a scarce resource, can bring about many benefits. This is of great importance especially in urban areas.

 

It is timely to figure out how land is allocated and being used for what purpose in our cities today. In order to create well planned cities with a futuristic vision, having a better understanding of current land use is imperative.

 

Land use maps are categorized into 36 sub-categories under two types – built-up and non built-up. The extent of land in each of these sub categories are indicated below.

 

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Built-Up
Total
Built-Up
(ha)
Non-Built-Up
Total
Non-Built-Up
(ha)

 

Proper management of land, a scarce resource, can bring about many benefits. This is of great importance especially in urban areas.

 

It is timely to figure out how land is allocated and being used for what purpose in our cities today. In order to create well planned cities with a futuristic vision, having a better understanding of current land use is imperative.

 

Land use maps are categorized into 36 sub-categories under two types – built-up and non built-up. The extent of land in each of these sub categories are indicated below.

 

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Urban expansion statistics
Negombo Municipal Council ( km 2 )
Overall Growth rate 1995 - 2017 %
Urban change 1995 - 2017
TOTAL AOI 0