Transport

Connectivity is central to key GoSL strategic aims: to promote economic growth, and to rebalance growth across the country’s 9 provinces. Higher the connectivity to any city, better is the urban growth in that city. 

Detailed information on key transport aspects including bus and rail transport, freight route maps, airports and logistic systems are aspects that should be considered for a city to be properly interconnected within the bigger system. One of the SDG targets 11.2 is about access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems, road safety, public transport, and if we are to move towards being sustainble, these need to be considered in tranpsort planning. Further, the needs of people in vulnerable situations, women and children, persons with disabilities and older persons should also be considered.

ICT coverage is another way of being connected and recent technological advances enable a city to be better connected through its access to ICTs as well.

Status of Local Authority owned Access Roads

Source - Local Authority

length of the road based on Road classification. Total length of Local Authority maintained roads in km. Total length of Full paved roads in km. Comparison between paved and unpaved percentage. Upcoming road development activities.

Economy

Cities are the primary drivers of economic development, therefore, Sri Lanka’s cities have a decisive role to play in driving the economy forward by catalysing high value-added economic activities, as the country strives to achieve upper middle-income country status.

According the latest Word Cities report, 80 per cent of global GDP is created by cities, despite their accounting for less than 60 per cent of the world’s population (UN-Habitat, 2016).

The Government of Sri Lanka recognizes the role of urban economy in shaping the future of the country. In this respect, Vision 2025 and Public Investment Programme (PIP) 2017-2020 lays out the urban policy priority actions: to promote western region as economic hub of the southern part of the Indian subcontinent, and to promote strategic city development to secondary urban spaces as provincial economic hubs. 

It is also interesting to see how competitive a city is, taking into account current and potential roles of governments, businesses and the private sector in the economic development of the city and urban settlements, best use of human capital,  and labour force participation, and existing skills and the job market etc. within demarcated territory. 

Prevention of Communicable Diseases (Budget allocation and expenditure)

Source - Local Authority

Give little explanation on Communicable diseases. Budget allocation amount to prevent Communicable Disease. Annual expenditure on it. If there are any special reasons for the annual amount changes.

Commercial places to buy goods

Source - Local Authority

When it was built (Public Market/ Commercial - Shopping Complex/ Weekly fair). The approximate uses of the above places. Involvement of Local Authority to Maintain those places. Adequacy of the space. Amount of Tax revenue gain by running the places.

Urban Governance

Urban governance can be simplified as “how government (local, regional and national) and stakeholders decide on planning, financing and managing urban areas”. It involves a continuous process of negotiation and contestation over allocation of social and material resources and political power.

This section provide a snapshot of the emergent contours of urban governance in Sri Lanka, focusing on financial resilience, service provision and economic dynamism.

Information available here are collected and calculated considering secondary data sets, ground level surveys as well as stakeholder discussions. The city governance index has taken many a factor into consideration and provides a valuable way of assessing our cities and how they rank from a governance perspective.

Regulatory Services (Applications per month)

Source - Local Authority

Septage removal, Liters per Month. Number of service requests per month. Any possible reasons for changes of service requests ( population increase, Ground water table, soil type).

Trainings for Institutional Capacity Development

Source - Local Authority

Planning - Please mention Availability of LAPDP Plan for latest year. No of staff available with the knowledge on Geographical Information Systems. Proccument - Amount of civil/service procurement handled in each year. Social Protection - No of projects implemented with ‘social safeguard’ measures in each year. Environmental Management - No of projects implemented with ‘environmental management plan’ in each year.

Municipal Services

Municipal services is one of the key tasks an urban centre carries out fto ensure a functional living condition for its citizens.

The access to municipal services and the quality of their provision strongly influence the social, economic and environmental performance of a city as well as urban development.

Urban centres provide key services that underpin Sri Lanka’s socioeconomic development. Cities provide key government administration functions, such as vehicle registration services, access to social protection schemes, and a range of additional services (explored in detail in Chapter 9, urban governance in the SoSLC Report). Urban centres provide residents with health and education services: providing equitable access to quality healthcare and education. They also include services to facilitate social recreational activities and promote community cohesion, such as libraries, community centres and sports facilities. Ensuring quality services is a crucial component in securing an urban future for all Sri Lankans. 

Child and Mother care services

Source - Local Authority

Discription part: Total functioning centers, number Average or actual no of children covered: Average or actual no of mothers covered :

Storm Water Drainage

Source - Local Authority

Total length of constructed drainage in km

Street lighting

Source - Local Authority

Discription part: No of units fixed / Avg no of streetlights required

Streetline Certificate

Source - Local Authority

Service is provided to ALL citizen : Yes / No Avg No of days to deliver this service (for satisfactory applications) Avg No of applications received, per month Online System is used to deliver this service – Yes/No Manual register is maintained to record all the applicants – Yes/No

Subdivision and Amalgamation Approval of land plots

Source - Local Authority

Service is provided to ALL citizen : Yes / No Avg No of days to deliver this service (for satisfactory applications) Avg No of applications received, per month Online System is used to deliver this service – Yes/No Manual register is maintained to record all the applicants – Yes/No

Piped Borne Water Supply

Source - Local Authority

Number of pipe borne water connections. Number of people served by pipe borne water. Number of requirements for pipe borne water supply (needs). Monthly applications for new connection . Number of families don’t have their own water source.

Available heavy equipment

Source - Local Authority

Budget allocations for heavy machineries in each year. Future requirements for machineries. Adequacy of available machineries. Note: City admins can create new forms based on their available resources (cross check with others)

Available workers (Road/ Sanitary)

Source - Local Authority

Please mention the number of workers for road and sanitary, out of total number of workers within Local authority (Percentage)

Budget Allocation for HR capacity Development

Source - Local Authority

Which type of capacity development activities organized for HR officers. Number of officers participated for the Capacity development programmes.

Cremations and burials in Crematoriums and cemeteries

Source - Local Authority

Number of crematoriums and cemeteries within Local Authority and their locations. Average number of cremations, in crematoriums and cremations and burials in cemeteries per month. Please mention if any place/places provide both services in one place

Modes of Water supply

Source - Local Authority

Average water demand of the area Water demand based on use (Domestic, Commercial….). How it covered by the given modes. Specially Bowser Supply and how many bowsers have other than common wells, Tube wells and standpipes, is there any other water supply mechanisms (such as bowser supply) available. if there are, please indicate cubic liters distributed or number of browsers distributed annually Number of bathing places in the area.

Providing Fire Hazard Prevention Service

Libraries and community centers

Solid Waste Collection (Number of metric tons per month)

Source - Local Authority

Discription part: Avg Collection, MT / day. Avg no of households collected per day. Avg no of households NOT collected per day . How many commercial sites included. Already available masterforms: Solid waste collection according to its type (Metric tons per month)

Preschools and daycare centers

Source - Local Authority

Number of locations or centers within Local Authority. Number of users. Comparison of the users yearly . existing demand for the services. Mention any special services provided through these centers. Please mention places where providing both services at one place.

Provision of toilet facilities

Source - Local Authority

Number of beneficiaries supported to construct toilets in each year please indicate it. Average Number of families without individual toilet facilities. percentage value of beneficiaries out of total number of households without toilet facilities within the area. Are there any special areas in which people who are lacking toilet facilities live dominantly? Percentages of toilet available houses and non-available houses Please mention the number of public toilets available.

Recreation and sports centers

Removal of septage using gully sucker (liters per month)

Source - Local Authority

Septage removal, Liters per Month . Number of service requests per month. Any possible reasons for changes of service requests ( population increase, Ground water table, soil type)

Social services programs

Thematic maps
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Proper management of land, a scarce resource, can bring about many benefits. This is of great importance especially in urban areas.

 

It is timely to figure out how land is allocated and being used for what purpose in our cities today. In order to create well planned cities with a futuristic vision, having a better understanding of current land use is imperative.

 

Land use maps are categorized into 36 sub-categories under two types – built-up and non built-up. The extent of land in each of these sub categories are indicated below.

 

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Built-Up
Total
Built-Up
(ha)
Non-Built-Up
Total
Non-Built-Up
(ha)

 

In all of the cities it can be identified that the higher densities are concentrated in the city centres and the expansion is taken place along the roads. The expansion pattern is shaped by the geography of the surrounding area.

 

The selection of the area for the urban expansion analysis was followed by several preliminary studies. Initially, the urban index values which was identified using the remote sensing information were studied in the respective municipal areas including a fringe area.
Before selecting interested area for the expansion analysis it should consider following facts
- Municipal boundary
- At least 2-3 km buffer around Municipal boundary
- Rough boundary where the physical urban character disappearing

 

In the remote sensing discipline, the values higher than 0 represent the built-up areas.The boundary for the fringe area was identified by getting the extent of urban expansion as well as a fine boundary where the high-density expansion become insignificant. The identified boundaries were projected on to the latest satellite images to assure the identified urban index values are in line with the existing building densities.

 

 

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Urban expansion statistics
data set (Testing) ( km 2 )
Overall Growth rate 1995 - 2017 %
Urban change 1995 - 2017
TOTAL AOI 0